The US Census Bureau conducts the decennial Census which is a full count of our country taken every ten years, at a snapshot in time. Its strength is that it can provide accurate data for very small areas and population groups. The 2010 Census provides a full count of our population, age, sex, race, and homeownership as of April 10, 2010. The Census Bureau also releases annual population estimates and building permit data.
American Community Survey (ACS)
The ACS is a continuous sample survey. ACS does not count everyone but relies on a sample of us to help provide the estimates in the various data categories. Its strength is that it collects data on a wider variety of subjects and that it produces estimates each and every year. ACS data is produced as 1-Year, 3-Year and 5-Year estimates. For information regarding how to compare ACS datasets, please visit the Comparing ACS Data webpage.
ACS 5-Year Estimates
These provide a variety of social, demographic, economic and housing data for all geographic places. 5-year estimates are based on a sampling of the population over a 60-month time period.
2007 - 2011 ACS 5-Year Estimates
2006 - 2010 ACS 5-Year Estimates
ACS 3-Year Estimates
These provide a variety of social, demographic, economic and housing data for areas with a population of 20,000 or more. 3-year estimates are based on a sampling of the population over a 36-month time period. In Dutchess County, 3-year estimates are available for Dutchess County, the City of Poughkeepsie, and the towns of East Fishkill, Fishkill, Hyde Park, Poughkeepsie and Wappinger.
2009 - 2011 ACS 3-Year Estimates (Dutchess County and limited municipalities)
City of Poughkeepsie
Town of East Fishkill
Town of Fishkill
Town of Hyde Park
Town of Poughkeepsie
Town of Wappinger
ACS 1-Year Estimates
These provide a variety of social, demographic, economic and housing data for areas with a population of 65,000 or more. 1-year estimates are based on a sampling of the population over a 12-month period. Locally, the data is only available for Dutchess County as a whole.
Projections and Historical Data
The U.S. Census Bureau provides estimates of population once a year, based on birth and death rates and migration data. Projections are provided through the Poughkeepsie-Dutchess County Transportation Council. Historical data compares current Census data with historical data. The first Census was conducted in 1790. These tables will be updated with 2010 Census data.
Population Projections 2005-2025 (.pdf), (Source: Appendix A-1, Connections 2025)
Historical Population, Dutchess County 1790-2000 (.pdf)
Historical Population by Municipality, 1900-2000 (.pdf)
Population Growth in Dutchess and Neighboring Counties, 1940-2000 (.pdf)
The US Census Bureau conducts many other surveys in addition to the decennial Census. Below are some of the more commonly requested items. For complete access to all Census data, please visit the US Census Bureau website.
Local Employment Dynamics (LED) (.pdf) — Data available from the states and the US Census Bureau
New York State Census of Agriculture - Dutchess County, 2007 (.pdf)
Unemployment Rates, 1984–2010
2010 Dutchess County QuickFacts