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Transportation Management Area (TMA)

Transportation Council
Eoin Wrafter, Commissioner


Mark Debald, Transportation Program Administrator

The DCTC shares part of the Census designated Poughkeepsie-Newburgh NY-NJ Urbanized Area with three other MPOs: the Orange County Transportation Council (OCTC)Ulster County Transportation Council (UCTC), and North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA). The combined Poughkeepsie-Newburgh NY-NJ Urbanized Area has an urbanized population of almost 424,000 (2010 Census). The FHWA and FTA designated the New York portion of the area as a Transportation Management Area (TMA); a TMA designation is required when the urbanized population is greater than 200,000. The New York portion of the TMA is known locally as the Mid-Hudson Valley TMA. TMA Map (.pdf)

As members of the TMA, the three New York MPOs (DCTC, OCTC, and UCTC) participate in a collaborative planning relationship that focuses on addressing regional transportation issues and meeting federal requirements for a TMA. Examples of this partnership include completion of a single Congestion Management Process (CMP) and the distribution of competitive FTA Section 5307 funds. The TMA must also undergo an in-person Federal Certification Review every four years.   

Although members of the TMA, each MPO is still responsible for coordinating transportation planning and programming within their respective county, including development of their own MTP, TIP, and UPWP.  

Congestion Management Process: Federal transportation law requires that a Metropolitan Planning Organization located within a Transportation Management Area institute a Congestion Management Process (CMP). Such a process demonstrates how the MPO will quantify, evaluate, and manage congestion throughout the region’s transportation network. Effective October 1, 2005, the Mid-Hudson Valley Transportation Management Area (TMA) adopted a single CMP for the TMA, which was accepted by the Federal Highway Administration. The CMP outlines the overall commonalities among the MPOs, such as a single definition for congestion and common types of data collection, but allows for locally derived methods to mitigate congestion in individual communities. The Congestion Management System (CMS) for the Mid-Hudson Valley TMA (2005) and the Congestion Management System (CMS) Step 2 Report (2006) outline the CMP for the Mid-Hudson Valley TMA. (Note: SAFETEA-LU re-named the 'CMS' to the 'CMP').

Federal Transit Administration: Section 5307 is a formula grant program for urbanized areas providing capital, operating, and planning assistance for mass transit. Funds are apportioned to urbanized areas using a formula based on population, population density, and other factors associated with transit service and ridership. One percent of appropriated Section 5307 funds are set aside to be used for transit enhancement projects that physically or functionally enhance transit service or use. The MPO's in the Mid-Hudson Valley receive Section 5307 funds individually, and also set aside a portion of those funds to be used for regional transit needs.

Regional Travel Time Survey: In 2011 the Mid-Hudson Valley TMA completed a Regional Travel Time Survey project. The goal of the project was to build on the CMS Step 2 report, which identified congested roads in the region based on the MPOs' Travel Demand Models, by collecting real-time travel times on major corridors. Travel time survey data helps to capture a more realistic picture of congestion and is also useful in calibrating each MPOs' Travel Demand Models to improve their reliability. The project summary, charts, and maps are on the Publications page (see TMA Reports). Data collected in Orange and Ulster Counties are available on the OCTC website and UCTC website, respectively.

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