Ancient Documents - Help

Party Types

The following is a list of the party types that appear on the ancient documents. These party types will appear in parenthesis after the party name in the search results.

  • Administrator (Admin.)
  • Assignee - Individual tasked with acting officially on behalf of another person. For example, a third party paying a bond (though not mentioned in the bond), or in insolvent debtor cases the person who settles the debts on the debtor’s behalf.
  • Assistant (assist.) Judge
  • Attorney - for Def. or Plain. (sometimes listed as atty.)
  • Clerk
  • Coroner
  • Creditor - Seen mostly in bonds or bills, person to whom money is owed.
  • Debtor - Seen mostly in bonds or bills, person who is borrowing money. Often then appears as the defendant in a debt trial.
  • Deceased
  • Defendant (def.)
  • Deponent (Dep.) - Anyone giving evidence, in recognizances where the individuals named are required to appear at court to provide testimony, they should be labeled as deponent.
  • Elizor - Temporary Sheriff (Eliz.)
  • Executor
  • Former Sheriff
  • Grantee - Someone buying a piece of property.
  • Grantor - Someone selling a piece of property.
  • Heir - Someone inheriting an estate.
  • Host - Person at whose home or establishment a legal proceeding (such as an inquisition) takes place.
  • Infant Guardian
  • Judge / Justice
  • Jurors / Jury
  • Land Owner (used on controversy over roads / problems with roads)
  • Owner (generally associated with manumissions of slaves)
  • Petitioners
  • Plaintiff (plain.)
  • Plegis - Pledge. Also, someone called in a acquietandas plegiis writ, or an acquietandis plegiis writ, both related to sureties for a debt.
  • Road Commissioner
  • Sheriff
  • Slave
  • Surety - Persons on bonds or recognizances who swear to pay bail or other monetary stake for a third party’s good behavior.
  • Tenant

Offenses

The following is a list of the offenses that appear on the historical documents.

  • Abuse
  • Aiding a Fugitive
  • Assault
  • Assault & Battery
  • Breach of Peace
  • Controversy Over Roads
  • Debt
  • Coroner Testimony
  • Counterfeit Bills from Massachusetts
  • Defamation & Slander
  • Extortion
  • Felony/ Fraud Constable Election Scandal
  • Forgery
  • Land Disputes
  • Land Partition
  • Making Counterfeit Coins
  • Negligence (controversy over roads)
  • Perjury
  • Theft
  • Vandalism

Record Types

The following is a list of the record types contained within the historical documents.

  • Account
  • Affidavit
  • Affidavit of Service
  • Agreement Between Parties
  • Allowance for the Poor
  • Appeal
  • Arbitration
  • Arbitration Award (see award of referees)
  • Articles of Agreement
  • Award of Referees
  • Bail Bond
  • Bail Note
  • Bail Piece
  • Bench Warrant
  • Bond
  • Bond to Prosecute
  • Call for Jurors (Venire)
  • Case Summaries
  • Certificate
  • Certificate of Attachment
  • Citation
  • Confession of Judgment
  • Controversy of Roads
  • Cost
  • Counter Part on Lease
  • Court Minutes
  • Court Order
  • Court Summary / Court Summaries
  • Court Transfer
  • Coverletter
  • Creditors List (insolvent debtor)
  • Declaration
  • Defendant Prayer
  • Demurrer
  • Deposition
  • Discharge Discharge of Debt
  • Discharge of Recognizance
  • Distraint
  • Distringas
  • Elizor
  • Entry of Record
  • Escheat
  • Evidence
  • Examination
  • Fieri Facie
  • Fragment
  • Grand Jury Indictment
  • Indictment
  • Inquiry, Notice of
  • Inquiry, Writ of
  • Inquisition
  • Insolvent Debtor (packet of material relating to)
  • Insolvent’s Oath
  • Judgment
  • Judgment Roll
  • Justice of the Peace Record
  • Justification of Bail
  • Letter of Appointment (for attorney)
  • List of Jurors
  • Memorandum
  • Memorial, Summons
  • Mittimus
  • Motion of Set Off
  • Municipal Officers (list of)
  • Narration (Narr.)
  • Nolle Prosequi
  • Non Suit
  • Note
  • Note for payment
  • Notice of Inquiry
  • Oath of Allegiance
  • Oath of Assignee
  • Oath of Creditor
  • Order of Bastardy
  • Order of Removal
  • Penal Bill
  • Plea
  • Power of Attorney
  • Presentment
  • Recognizance
  • Recognizance in Bastardy
  • Record (Case Record)
  • Rejoinder
  • Relinquishment
  • Replevin
  • Replication
  • Report of Referee
  • Road Commissioner Report
  • Rule of Reference, Report
  • Ruling
  • Satisfaction
  • Scire Facias
  • Summons
  • Warrant
  • Warrant for Arrest
  • Warrant for Penalty
  • Warrant of Attorney
  • Warrant to Confess Judgment