Federal Highway Funding

Transportation Council
Eoin Wrafter, Commissioner


Federal Aid Eligibility

In order to receive federal transportation funding, a road or related facility must be “federal-aid eligible.” Federal-aid eligibility is based on the functional classification of a road. Functional classification groups roads into classes according to their character and role in the road network. This hierarchy ranges from roads for long interstate trips (Interstates) to roads providing access to individual properties (local roads). In between are Arterials, which provide limited access to adjacent land, and Collectors, which collect traffic from local roads and connect it to arterials. Roads are further classified as either urban or rural based on where they are located. 

All public roads not functionally classified as “local” (rural or urban) or “rural minor collector” are federal-aid eligible, and all publicly-owned bridges are federal-aid eligible. In Dutchess County, federal-aid highways include 98% of State roads, 38% of County roads, 21% of city and village roads, and 3% of town roads. Approximately 26% (or 634 lane miles) of road mileage in Dutchess County is federal-aid eligible. Functional Classification maps for Dutchess County can be found on NYSDOT’s website and via NYSDOT's interactive online map.

Federal Highway Programs

The current federal transportation law, the FAST Act, provides funds for highway improvements, motor vehicle safety, public transportation, motor carrier safety, rail, and research. The FAST Act establishes the following funding programs to maintain and improve our highway system:


  • National Highway Performance Program (NHPP): The NHPP funds the maintenance and performance of the National Highway System (NHS). Eligible activities include the reconstruction and rehabilitation of NHS roads and bridges, as well as safety improvements on the NHS. See FHWA's NHPP webpage for more information.


  • Surface Transportation Block Grant Program (STBG): The STBG program provides flexible funding to improve the condition and performance of a federal-aid eligible highway, bridge, or pedestrian and bicycle facility. See FHWA's STBG webpage for more information.


  • Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Program: The CMAQ program funds projects that improve air quality and reduce congestion, such as signal improvements, intersection improvements, new turning lanes, and improved transportation operations. See FHWA's CMAQ webpage for more information.


  • Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP): The HSIP program supports projects that reduce fatalities and serious injuries on roads. The HSIP requires a data-driven, strategic approach to improving highway safety. See FHWA's HSIP webpage for more information.
  • Surface Transportation Block Grant Program (STBG) Set-aside (formerly called TAP): This program provides funding to improve non-motorized mobility, such as new pedestrian and bicycle facilities, recreational trails, and safe routes to school. See FHWA's STBG Set-aside webpage for more information. 

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