This page contains the pertinent New York State and Federal Government legislation and executive orders regarding police reforms that must be enacted by April 1, 2021.
The Attorney General shall allocate Department of Justice discretionary grant funding only to those State and local law enforcement agencies that have sought or are in the process of seeking appropriate credentials from a reputable independent credentialing body certified by the Attorney General.
The Attorney General shall certify independent credentialing bodies that meet standards to be set by the Attorney General. The Attorney General’s standards for certification shall require independent credentialing bodies to, at a minimum, confirm that
the law enforcement agency’s use-of-force policies adhere to all applicable Federal, State, and local laws; and
the agency’s use-of-force policies prohibit the use of chokeholds - a physical maneuver that restricts an individual’s ability to breathe for the purposes of incapacitation - except in those situations where the use of deadly force is allowed by law.
The Attorney General shall create a database to coordinate the sharing of information between and among Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial law enforcement agencies concerning instances of excessive use of force related to law enforcement matters, accounting for applicable privacy and due process rights.
The database shall include a mechanism to track, as permissible, terminations or de-certifications of law enforcement officers, criminal convictions of law enforcement officers for on-duty conduct, and civil judgments against law enforcement officers for improper use of force. It shall account for instances where a law enforcement officer resigns or retires while under active investigation related to the use of force. The Attorney General shall take appropriate steps to ensure that the information in the database consists only of instances in which law enforcement officers were afforded fair process.
The Attorney General shall, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, allocate Department of Justice discretionary grant funding only to those law enforcement agencies that submit the necessary information to the databases.
Mental Health, Homelessness, and Addiction
The Attorney General shall, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services as appropriate, identify and develop opportunities to train law enforcement officers with respect to encounters with individuals suffering from impaired mental health, homelessness, and addiction; to increase the capacity of social workers working directly with law enforcement agencies; and to provide guidance regarding the development and implementation of co-responder programs, which involve social workers or other mental health professionals working alongside law enforcement officers so that they arrive and address situations together.