You've got pests, and you want to control them with a dependable pest control method that does not contain chemical pesticides. Non-chemical pest control methods really work, and they have many advantages. Compared to chemical treatments, non-chemical methods are generally effective for longer periods of time. They are less likely to create hardy pest populations that develop the ability to resist pesticides. Many non-chemical pest controls can be used with fewer safeguards, because they are generally thought to pose virtually no hazards to human health or the environment.
Discouraging pests by removing the conditions in which they thrive may eliminate the need for further action. Indoor prevention methods include removing food and water sources, reducing clutter, and preventing pests from getting into the home. Outdoor prevention methods include removing or destroying outdoor pest hiding places, removing breeding sites, and keeping outdoor plants healthy.
Using biological and/or manual controls will provide effective relief from some pests. For example:
Visit Cornell Cooperative Extension’s IPM for Homes for more examples of non-chemical controls.
If non-chemical control methods do not bring the results you were hoping for, you may need to consider chemical controls, such as pesticide. A pesticide is a chemical control that prevents, destroys, repels, or mitigates a pest.
Pesticide categories include but are not limited to herbicides, insecticides and rodenticides.
Broad spectrum pesticides affect a variety of pests while selective pesticides target a specific pest.
In the United States, pesticides are regulated and registered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA assesses the effects on human health and the environment and approves the label. In addition to EPA registration, every pesticide product which is “used, distributed, sold, or offered for sale in New York State must also be registered with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC).”
For more information on general pesticide definitions and regulations, please visit:
Consider the following when selecting a pesticide:
For more information on pesticide selection, visit:
Labels are legal documents explaining proper uses, instructions for application, storage and disposal, first aid instructions, and information about the chemicals in the product.
Reading and understanding the pesticide label is important for deciding what product is best suited for each situation and how to use the product to achieve the best results while keeping you, the professional pesticide applicator, and the surrounding environment safe.
The following key features should be read and understood before buying any pesticide product:
If the product label is damaged or unreadable, you can search NYSDEC’s Bureau of Pest Management - Information Portal to find a copy of the label.
For more Information on reading labels, visit;
According to New York State pesticide laws, there are three types of pesticide applications:
When does a homeowner or renter need to hire a professional pesticide applicator (also known as a certified commercial pesticide applicator)?
Check with your local municipality for additional pesticide use restrictions.
What is the Neighbor Notification Law?
The Neighbor Notification Law requirements include:
The Neighbor Notification Law and regulation are only effective in a County, or in New York City, that has adopted a local law to "opt into" the Neighbor Notification Law in its entirety and without any changes. Dutchess County has not “opted in.”
Additional resources to consider when making your decision:
For more information on general pesticide use, visit:
For Indoor Use:
For more information on indoor pesticide use, visit:
For Outdoor Use:
For more information on outdoor pesticide use, visit:
After Application of Pesticides:
For specific pesticide storage details consult the product label, however in general:
For more information on storage of pesticides, please visit: